Mount Rwenzori national park was established in 1991 and recognized as a UNESCO world heritage sit in 1994, it covers an area of about 996 kilometers squared. It was also made a Ramsar site in the year 2008. The most common activity in Rwenzori mountains national park is climbing Rwenzori Mountain also known as “mountains of the moon”. Mount Rwenzori stands at an elevation of 4,267 meters above sea level, this is one of the hardest mountains to climb in the world and it will require an experienced climber.
Mount Rwenzori is steep, muddy, slippery, covered with fog, very cold temperatures and high altitude. Those who conquer to its highest peak always say the reward is worth though challenging. The mountain lies in the boarder between Congo and Uganda with snow covered peaks.
Mount Rwenzori is not a volcanic mountain like many other volcanoes in east Africa but it was formed as a result of an uplifting of rock during the formation of the great western rift valley, the name Rwenzori is derived from a local word to mean “rain maker”. Mount Rwenzori national park is home to 70 species of mammals, 195 species of birds, different species of monkeys and some of the world’s rarest vegetation. Margherita peak is the highest in Mount Rwenzori and the third highest in Africa.
The other peaks are mount Stanley, Mount Speke and Mount Baker. Mount Rwenzori was labelled “mountains of the moon” by Alexandrian Pletomy a geographical researcher and photographer in 150 AD, Henry Morton Stanley the English explorer labelled them as “cloud mountains” when he visited in 1899.
Mount Rwenzori national park harbors various species of birds numbering 195 recorded some of which are Albertine rift endemics some of the birds you can see in the park are; Shelley’scrimson wing, Rwenzori turaco, Oriole Finch, red thighed sparrow hawk, montane Rwenzori night jar, red faced woodland warbler, grey chested illadopsis, Barred long tailed cuckoo, Archer’s robin chat, grey winged robin, red faced woodland warbler, Rwenzori Batis, blue headed breasted sunbirds, Kivu ground thrush, red throated Alethe, dwarf honey guide, montane sooty boubou, white collared olive back, Malachite sunbirds and Lammergeyer among the rest.
The best time for climbing to the top of mount Rwenzori is in the dry season from July to September andDecember to February when the hiking trails are not very muddy and slippery though it can rain at any time the sky will get cleat after the rain.
Tourists climbing to the top of mountain Rwenzori should endeavor to bring warm clothing, gloves, good hiking shoes, gaiters, a walking stick, first aid box and a sleeping bag.
To make your self more flexible you can hire a porter who will help you to carry your language and always remember to tip your porter at the end of the safari.
Mount Rwenzori can be climbed in 3 days for the foot of the hill short climb and six to seven days for the peak trail. The oldest person to reach Magherita peak was M.s Beryl Park in 2010 aged 78 years old.